Volume 6 Issue 1

Sr. No. Title Author’s Name(s) Abstract Page Nos. Article
1. Isolation and Characterization of Microorganisms for Insect Biocontrol
by Chitin Deacetylase
Hardeep Singh Tuli, Vijay Kumar Gupta, Jitender Sharma & Neelam Garg Extensive use of synthetic chemical insecticides has led to many environmental, agricultural and health hazards. To overcome these problems and also to protect the crops from insect pest which are responsible for huge loss of crop yield, enzymatic biocontrol may be opted. As Chitin is an important component of the insect cuticle it can be used as a target to control insect pests. So enzyme chitin deacytylase (CDA), which alters chitin, is used in the present study. Chitin deacetylase producing microorganisms were isolated and screened. Out of 142 microbial isolates, 91 were found to be CDA positive using PN strip and PN agar method.Click Here To Read More 01-06 DOWNLOAD PDF

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2. Urbanization Impact on the Water and Food Security and Assessment of Wheat Production and its Irrigation Water Requirements Using CROPWAT Model in IRAN: A Case Study of City Tehran Gholamreza Hashemi, Seyed Pooyan Mirheidari and Connie Galvez Durand Santivanez In the modern world, the equal allocation of amenities amongst the society individuals has been affected by the phenomena of Urbanization and urban development. Tehran, the capital of Iran, is always the main destination of migrants from all over the country because of its dominant modernistic urban attractions. The latest official national census in 2006 showed that during 1921 to 2006, in the last 85 years, Tehran’s population has multiplied by 37 and its area has multiplied by 100.This rapid Urbanization has replaced a huge area of agricultural land, fertile arable land. in addition, Tehran total water consumption with an average annual growth rate of 23.1 percent reached to more than 990 million cubic meters in 2008 which all of These elements emphasis on a much more sustainable consumption pattern requirement and more attention to the Tehran’s water and food security.Click Here To Read More 07-15 DOWNLOAD PDF

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3. Effect of Ethyl Acetate Extract and Purified Compounds of Alpinia galanga (L.) on Immune Response of a Polyphagous Lepidopteran Pest, Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) Rahul Datta, Amandeep Kaur, Isha Saraf, Inder Pal Singh and Sanehdeep Kaur Plant derived products provide defense to plants against herbivore insects by acting as antifeedant, growth regulators, toxins and modulate the activity of various enzyme. Additionally botanicals can also effect the immune system of insects. The present work reveals the impact of secondary metabolites of Alpinia galanga, a medicinal plant on humoral immune response of Spodoptera litura (Fab.). Addition of ethyl acetate extract and purified compounds viz. galangin and 1’-acetoxychavicol acetate induced the activity of phenoloxidase. Fluctuation in lysozyme activity was observed due to ethyl acetate extract.Click Here To Read More 16-21 DOWNLOAD PDF

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4. Drought Stress-Mediated Consequences on Enzymatic Antioxidants of Fagopyrum esculentum Moench Arti Jamwal Sharma, Sunil Puri, Sujata Bhattacharya & Navdeep Dhindsa Randev Fagopyrum esculentum Moench is one of the vital unattended crops and is grown as a minor grain crop in the Indian Himalayas, especially in the high-altitude areas. The plant was studied to know the level of tolerance to drought stress. Seeds of F. esculentum were sown in nursery beds and with the appearance of first leaf; seedlings were transferred to ceramic pots filled with mixture of soil and sand. Drought stress was imposed by watering while weighing method was used to control water potential to meet the experimental requirements. Different water potentials (-0.01, -0.02, -0.03, -0.04, -0.05, -0.06 and -0.07 MPa) were achieved after 15 days of transplanting the seedlings to pots.Click Here To Read More 22-27 DOWNLOAD PDF

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5. A Study of Connectivity for Hyperspaces in Cyclic Order P.P. Mishra and Rajeev Shrivastava An arc is a homeomorphic path, which is a continuous function in a space. In this paper, we have studied arcwise connectivity for the spaces which have closed connected subsets in a way that, these are separated by disjoined open sets.Click Here To Read More 28-30 DOWNLOAD PDF

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6. Evaluation of Soil Characteristics of Ravines of Dholpur Chitranshi Swati and Bhat J. L. Properties of ravine soils of Dholpur, Rajasthan, India were evaluated. Soil physico- chemical properties evaluated were bulk density, texture, water holding capacity, organic matter, pH, electrical conductivity and nutrient contents. The bulk density ranged from 0.83g/cm3 to 0.95g/cm3. Soils of all sites had higher proportion of sand ranged from 64.0% to 86.1%. Water holding capacity was low ranged from 35.0% to 39.4%. Soils of all sites had low organic matter ranged from 0.89% to 0.94%. pH of soils was slightly alkaline, the range of pH was from 7.5 to 7.7. Electrical conductivity ranged from 0.39 mS/cm to 0.51 mS/cm. Organic carbon in soils of all sites was low ranged from 0.52% to 0.55%. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content was low, nitrogen ranged from 98.4 mg/Kg to 103.1 mg/Kg.Click Here To Read More 31-36 DOWNLOAD PDF

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7. Effects of Diisononyl phthalate on the Antioxidant Status in Gill, Liver and Muscle Tissues of the Fish, Oreochromis mossambicus Valavath Revathy and Kumari Chidambaran Chitra Phthalates, commonly used as plasticizers in PVC products, are frequently released into the aquatic ecosystem causing adverse toxic impacts on the inhabitants. The hypothesis of the present study was to investigate the toxic effects of one of the phthalates, diisononyl phthalate (DINP) on the antioxidant status in gill, liver and muscle tissues of the fish, Oreochromis mossambicus. DINP at 300ppm concentration was exposed to fish for short-term (24, 48, 72 and 96 h) and long-term (7, 14, 30 and 60 days) durations maintaining vehicle control (propylene glycol as solvent) and negative control (without solvent) groups. In gill tissue, the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase showed significant (P<0.05) increase initially during short-term exposure followed by significant (P<0.05) reduction in all treatment groups of long-term exposure.Click Here To Read More 37-48 DOWNLOAD PDF

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8. Taxonomic Study on Geometrid Moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) Diversity in Chirpine Forest of Himachal Pradesh Manoj Kumar, Pawan Kumar & Akhil Kumar The present biodiversity study was conducted in Himachal Pradesh, India to find the status of geometrid moth diversity in Chirpine forest. During the study, about 212 specimens of moths were collected with the help of light trap from different selected sites of Chirpine forest. All the specimens were sorted into thirty six species of geometrid belonged to 27 genera and three subfamilies. The subfamily Ennominae was represented with maximum 67% species followed by the subfamily Geometrinae (22%) and the subfamily Sterrhinae (11%). The population of the Geometrinae subfamily was moderate, which may be due to the lack of specific host availability and desired habitat preference.Click Here To Read More 49-53 DOWNLOAD PDF

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9. Conductometric and Viscometric Studies on Magnesium Caprylate and
Laurate
Chitra Singh, S. K. Upadhyaya and Kamal Kishore The conductance of the solutions of magnesium caprylate and laurate in chloroform-propylene glycol mixture has been measured at four different temperatures in order to determine CMC, molar conductance, dissociation constant and thermodynamic parameters viz. enthalpy, free energy and entropy change for both dissociation and micellization processes. The results of conductivity measurements indicate that these soaps behave as weak electrolytes and the micellization process in favoured over the dissociation process. The results also confirm that the CMC remain almost unaffected by the rise in temperature. The experimentally determined density and viscosity data have been analyzed in the light of Einstein, Vands, Mouliks and Jones-Dole equations.Click Here To Read More 54-57 DOWNLOAD PDF

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10. Recent Variability in the Plankton Structure of a Natural Hypersaline Lagoon; Bardawil Lagoon in Northern Sinai, Egypt Fatma A. Zaghloul, Attia A. El Aiatt, Nabila R. Hussien and Nagwa E. Abdel-Aziz Bardawil Lagoon is a shallow hypersaline lake, with salinity ranging between 38.0 and 56.0. It is a source of good quality fish and wildlife. The phytoplankton and zooplankton were evaluated seasonally at 12 stations during 2015. The water temperature was 22.14 ± 4. 98°C and water salinity was 47.93 ± 5.01. The dissolved oxygen was 5. 14 ± 0.83 mg l-1. The recognized phytoplankton species were 181 taxa from 83 genera and seven classes were recorded. This comprised; 101 Bacillariophyceae, which formed 84.48 % of the total phytoplankton standing crop, 13 Chlorophyceae (6.14 %) and 46 Dinophyceae (5.75 %). The Shannon–Wiener Diversity Index (0.48– 3.35) classified Bardawil Lagoon as a not stressed environment.Click Here To Read More 58-68 DOWNLOAD PDF

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11. Solution of an Economic Model using Dynamic Deformation Procedure R. S. Patel and J. K. Verma Since most of the economic problems are related to the optimization problems, therefore the techniques of the Dantzig[1] can be applied, to all such economic problems in which these problems corresponds to linear form under some constraints conditions. Many nonlinear variety of economic problems are solved by the nonlinear techniques based on the quadratic programming method under the Kuhn-Tucker[10] conditions. Scarf developed a finite algorithm based on the subdivision of the simplex into finite subsets called primitive sets, then utilizing the Lemke complementarity pivoting procedure he provided the first constructive proof to Brouwer’s fixed point theorem. Scarf’s work attracted many others researchers. Thereafter, many important refinement and extensions to his algorithm were developed with the help of triangulation of simplex carried by Kuhn[7], Todd[21], Eaves [2] and Merril [16] etc.Click Here To Read More 69-71 DOWNLOAD PDF

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12. Tourist’s Problems in Himachal Pradesh – A Study on Dhauladhar and
Beas Circuit
Karan Thakur, Manish Khanna, S. Vaibhav & Sandeep Sharma In Indian economy, tourism sector has vital role for eradicate poverty and generate large employment for people. The importance of tourism in an economy is to be determined by the volume of expenditure incurred by the visitors. Moreover, expenditure incurred by the visitors contributes in Gross Domestic Product of an Indian economy. Now, days with emergence of marketing tourism have been promoted globally to enhance the level of tourism in the country. Government of different-different state explored the destination and their images are promoted in the national and international level to generate business structural employment for their own people. In the broad term, tourism is unique phenomenon as it defined by the consumption pattern of tourists.Click Here To Read More 72-76 DOWNLOAD PDF

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13. The Role of Schiff Bases in Dyes Techniques Applications: A Review K. M. Abuamer, M. M. El-ajaily, A. A. Maihub and F. M. Elarbi The ketimine and aldimine are of such important products representing the Schiff bases synthesis protocols in the condensation of primary amine groups with aromatic containing compounds or substituted related compounds with carbonyl group of salicylaldehyde which represents the phenolic hydroxyl group as the most important part of salicylaldehyde. All can be synthesized and applied in different applications designed for to study the behaviour of such compounds. The complexes containing such Schiff bases can be synthesized by direct mixing of the Schiff base with metal ions in appropriate organic solvents using traditional refluxing techniques. Metal ions such as Ni(II) has been introduced to justify the coordination process of the Schiff base behaviour and metal complexes. The elucidation and the study of the resulted Schiff bases and their complexes compounds have been performed with several physical properties.Click Here To Read More 77-85 DOWNLOAD PDF

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14. Preparation, Spectroscopic Studies of (E)-2((2-hydroxybenzylidene) amino)-3-mercaptopropanoic acid Chelates R. N. Fl-daghare and M. M. El-ajaily Three chelates of divalent transition metal ions [Co, Ni and Cu] with (E)-2((2- hydroxybenzylidene)amino)-3-mercaptopropanoic acid (HL1) formed from the condensation reaction of 2- hydroxybenzaldehyde (salicylaldehyde) and L-cysteine have been prepared and studied by using several physiochemical tools, such as; CHNS elemental analyses, molar conductivity, magnetic moment measurements and spectroscopic techniques [IR, 1HNMR, UV-Vis]. The CHNS elemental analysis data show the formation of the chelates in 1:2[M:L] ratio. Whereas, the IR spectral data exhibit the chelation sites of the active groups in the Schiff base towards to the metal ions. The electronic spectral results display the presence of the electronic transitions in the free Schiff bas and its chelates. An octahedral geometrical structure was suggested for all chelates.Click Here To Read More 86-90 DOWNLOAD PDF

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