Latest News:Index Copernicus Value (ICV) for 2013 was 3.59; 2014 was 58.17; 2015 was 64.83 and in 2016 is 79.75
The temperature dependence of bulk modules was given by Q. Liu & Q. He13using fundamental thermodynamic relations. The assumption in this theory was that volume thermal expansion coefficient is quadratic function of temperature. The new expressions and formulations were also derived by Tallon14.In the present study temperature of elastic constants is based on the combination of above mentioned formulations. A method to estimate the temperature dependence of bulk modules is developed with the approximation that coefficient of volume thermal expansion depends linearly on temperature. This approximation is valid only for small expansions in low temperature range.