Volume 5 Issue 2

Sr. No. Title Author’s Name(s) Abstract Page Nos. Article
1. Comparative Study of Phytoplankton Community Structure in Lake Edku, Southern Mediterranean Coast, Egypt Fatma A. Zaghloul and Nabila R. Hussein Lake Edku is the third largest in the system of the northern coastal wetlands in Egypt. It is situated on the west part of Nile Delta and is considered as an important fishing area in Egypt. The Lake is a shallow basin of brackish water, nutrient replete system (particularly phosphorus and nitrogen), suffers from high levels of aquatic vegetation and from the expansion in fish farming and agricultural discharges. Ecological and biological status of Lake Edku was evaluated depending on seven years of seasonal monitoring from summer 2009 to winter 2016, at 9 stations representing the different regions within the Lake. Water transparency averaged 25.47 ± 7.56 cm. The water temperature was 23.54 ±5. 84°C and water salinity was 2.24 ± 2.12 PSU.Click Here To Read More 01-13 DOWNLOAD PDF

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2. Design and Thermal Analysis of Pine Needle Charcoal Briquette Dev Raj and S. Vaibhav The work represented in this paper focuses on the design and thermal aspects of the pine needle charcoal briquette. Different types of briquette samples are manufactured based upon their composition, ratio of the constituents, design and physical structure. The samples are compared upon these parameters by performing proximate analysis and water boiling tests. The briquette, having clay as the binder and the ratio six to four of pine char with the clay, is taking the least ignition time. The briquette, having cow dung as the binder with ratio four to six with the pine char and having nineteen holes, is having the longest life among all the considered types of the briquettes Click Here To Read More 14-18 DOWNLOAD PDF

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3. Biosystematics and Biocontrol of Bruchidius flavovirens Arora (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) Vinay Katoch and D. R. Thakur Order Coleoptera of class Insecta has the largest number of described species worldwide and family Bruchidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) is a small but economically important possessing about 2000 known species worldwide. Bruchids are seed borers and attack on wild leguminous hosts in field and the edible legumes in stores. All the known beetles of family Bruchidae feed on seeds of 34 families of kingdom Plantae and about 80% of them feed on the seeds belonging to family Fabaceae. Bruchids attacking green pods of wild legumes are usually univoltine, has specific but long developmental period and life span. Click Here To Read More 19-23 DOWNLOAD PDF

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4. Effect of Spherical Surface Textures on the Static Performance of Inclined Slider Bearings at Different Locations Ravi Kant Badhwa, S. K. Thakur, S. Kango, S. Vaibhav, S. Singh and Prashant The present study investigates the effect of spherical textures at different positions on the performance characteristic of finite slider bearings. Reynolds equation is numerically solved using finite difference method. The performance of inclined slider bearings is calculated for two different cases (Constant Convergence ratio & Constant Load carrying capacity). It is concluded that the partial surface texturing (PT-I) gives the fruitful results as compared with others for 1st case.Click Here To Read More 24-28 DOWNLOAD PDF

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5. Phytochemical Investigation of Dicoma tomentosa to Isolate Secondary Metabolites Venu Sharma Dicoma tomentosa Cass. (Family: Asteraceae) is an erect, annual herb of dry fields and sandy arid places. The whole plant is strongly bitter and is used for different ailments. Phytochemical investigation of the aerial part of plant was done to screen its secondary metabolites. Sesquiterpene lactones belonging to melampolide group of germacranolides were found to be characteristic of the species and were isolated along with triterpenes and steroids.Click Here To Read More 29-33 DOWNLOAD PDF

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6. Brief Review on the Genus Diospyros: A Rich Source of Naphthoquinones Venu Sharma Diospyros genus (Ebenaceae) comprises about 500 species. A number of them are used for their multiple pharmacological activities. Ethano-phramacologically various plant parts are formulated and prescribed in the form of extracts and the decoctions for remedy of different diseases in many tribes. These activities are due to presence of bioactive secondary metabolites in the plant. Systematic and detailed investigation on the composition and pharmacological significance of medicinal plants should be conducted to standardize the formulations, based on ingredients. Click Here To Read More 34-53 DOWNLOAD PDF

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7. Incorporation of Natural Antimicrobials in Edible Films for Food Preservation: A Review Kavitha Dhandapani, Ramya Krishnamurthy and Padma. P. Raghunathan Development of edible films proves to be a potential alternative for conventional synthetic plastic based preservation employed in food packaging industry, since the use of chemical additives has raised questions for the consumption of such preserved foods. Application of antimicrobial compounds from natural resources such as plants would be better substitutes when incorporated into bio- degradable edible films thus enhancing their safety. Several compounds which have been proposed to have such antimicrobial activity against food borne pathogens are found to be extracts or essential oils from plant origin.Click Here To Read More 54-59 DOWNLOAD PDF

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8. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana – An Emperical Analysis Rajneesh Kumar Sharma and Manish Khanna Financial inclusion enables improved and better sustainable economic and social development of the country. It helps in the empowerment of the underprivileged, poor and women of the society with the mission of making them self-sufficient and well informed to take better financial decisions. The long term vision of the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is to lay the foundation of a cashless economy and is complementary to Narendra Modi’s Digital India Scheme. In this paper an attempt has made to understand the Awareness about the PMJDY in Himachal Pradesh, Analyze the Opinion Regarding Benefits Available under PMJDY & find out the problems faced by the beneficiaries.Click Here To Read More 60-64 DOWNLOAD PDF

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9. A Study on the Potential of Azolla pinnata as Livestock Feed Supplement for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Gulshan Kumar and Hem Chander Azolla pinnata is an aquatic fern. It is a good source of high quality protein. It also contains almost all essential amino acids, vitamins, Beta-carotene, minerals and appreciable quantities of bio-polymers. It contains 21- 23% crude protein. Investigations were undertaken to explore nutritive potential of Azolla pinnata as balanced feed for livestock. An on farm trial was conducted on cattle, goat and chicks at three locations of Hamirpur district namely Lag Manwin (Bhoranj), Annu (Hamirpur) and Mann (Nadaun). Azolla units were established for cultivation of Azolla at each location. The cultivated Azolla was then fed to select cattle, goat and chicks as protein supplement for two months regularly.Click Here To Read More 65-68 DOWNLOAD PDF

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10. Isolation and Diversity Analysis of Soil Metagenome Tanvi, Vivek Srivastava, Zeenat Wadhwa, Raj Rani, Kanchan Makkar and Sumit Jangra Soil biology holds an important role for methodological studies. Among different niches, the highest level of prokaryotic diversity resides in the soil, and extraction of DNA from soil using metagenomic approaches can improve our knowledge about these communities. The analyses of soil biodiversity and utility undertake that the extracted DNA denotes the complete microbial community of that niche, but further elucidations are limited due to the amount of DNA recovered from the sample. To improve metagenomic approaches, the present study aimed at determining the effect of different concentrations of SDS and depth of soil sample from the surface on microbial diversity in different areas.Click Here To Read More 69-73 DOWNLOAD PDF

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11. Diversity, Nativity and Sustainable Use of Forest Flora of Watershed Rissa – Khad Tara Devi Watershed Rissa-khad falling under Sarkaghat Forest Range of district Mandi Himachal Pradesh is endowed with rich forest resources. These forest resources include both timber and non-timber forest products such as gum, resin, fiber, flosses, oil, grasses, bamboos, wild edible, fodder, fuel and medicinal plants etc. These resources have been used for making dyes, building houses, agricultural tools, bridges, medicines, resins, fibers, vegetables etc. both on commercial as well as non commercial bases for uplifting socio-economic conditions of inhabitants of watershed. A high percentage of the total population depends upon forest resources for their livelihood options and fulfilling their day to day activities.Click Here To Read More 74-84 DOWNLOAD PDF

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12. Spectrophotometric Study of Adsorption of Propoxur on Indian Soils D. K. Sharma, N. Sharma and T. Dharmani With a view to evaluate the leaching potential and consequently surface and ground water contamination,the adsorption of propoxur, a carbamate insecticide, on four soils of different characteristics has been studied using a batch equilibrium technique. To carry out adsorption study a spectrophotometric methodology based on the reaction of methyl amine, formed from microwave assisted alkaline hydrolysis of propoxur with carbon disulphide and cobalt(II) acetate to form methyl isobutyl ketone extractable yellow cobalt(II) methyldithiocarbamate complex showing λmax at 360 nm has been developed for the purpose.Click Here To Read More 85-91 DOWNLOAD PDF

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13. Impact of Mercury on Oxygen Consumption of Freshwater Bivalve, Lamellidens corrianus U. D. Mestry and T. S. Bhosale The present study was carried out to investigate Mercury induced Oxygen Consumption Rate (OCR) in a freshwater bivalve Lamellidens corrianus, a sentinel species in aquatic environment. The bivalves were exposed to acute and chronic dose of heavy metal, Mercury chloride. Oxygen Consumption rate for acute treatment was recorded in groups Lc0 and Lc50 concentration for 96 hour while chronic treatment was recorded for 7 day, 14 day and 21day from group Lc50/10th group.Click Here To Read More 92-96 DOWNLOAD PDF

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14. Impact of Living Conditions on Reproductive and Behavioral Health – A Survey of Women from Slums in Northern India Harpriya Kaur, Meenu Wats, Sachin Kumar and Aanchal Wats This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the differences in living conditions, behavioral health and reproductive health among women living in two different types of slums in northern India. A house-to-house survey of randomly selected women 18 and older living in Rajiv Colony (concrete housing) and hutments near Mansa Devi complex in Haryana, India was conducted between October 2016 and November 2016. A descriptive analysis was performed using statistical software SAS 9.3. Of the 134 participants surveyed for this study, 68 lived in Rajiv Colony and 66 lived in the Hutments near Mansa Devi Complex.Click Here To Read More 97-103 DOWNLOAD PDF

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15. Identification of Heat Period through the Pheromonal Compounds in the Urine of Malaimadu, Bos indicus Balaji Sundara Mahalingam and Ramalakshmi Karuppiah Early oestrus and pregnancy detection are the major challenging issues in farm animals. Also some other problems like irregular or prolonging of the oestrus cycle, anoestrus, fighting behavior among young ones, mother-young bond, unmotivated males, and poor farm animal management including stress are considered to be threatening factor. The present investigation aimed to address the detection of heat period in the malaimadu, Bos indicus by studying the urinary pheromonal compounds during the different cycles of oestrus by analytical and molecular validation and electrophoretic profiling.Click Here To Read More 104-108 DOWNLOAD PDF

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16. FTIR and XRD Studies of Extracted Cellulose and Methylcellulose from Wheat Straw Swadesh Kumar and Yogesh Kumar Walia Many Straws have been utilized as crude materials for the preparation of cellulose and methylcellulose. The basic attention in blend finished from straw is that it obtainable good fiber for different industries with special properties, and that it is the foremost accessible source of untreated raw materials taken from agricultural waste. The present effort was to characterization of cellulose and methylcellulose prepared from wheat straw. The cellulose and methylcellulose prepared from wheat straw. The cellulose and methylcellulose received from wheat straw samples are illustrating with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) methods.Click Here To Read More 109-115 DOWNLOAD PDF

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17. Copper (II) and Nickel (II) Mixed-ligand Complexes Containing 1,10-phenanthroline and their Biological Evaluation K. N. Gita, V. Chandrasekaran and P. Akilan A novel water-soluble vitamin B12 backbone Schiff base ligand containing two mixed ligand transition metal complexes Cu(II) and Ni (II)) were synthesized by template method. The synthesized two mixed ligand metal Complexes were characterized by IR, Mass and elementary analysis. The synthesized compounds were docked with Dengue NS3 protease-helicase bi-functional enzyme (PDB ID: 2VBC) and B-DNA (PDB ID: 1BNA) using Auto Dock tools version 1.5.6 and auto dock vina docking programs and Discovery studio software. The binding of the ligand and receptor in grid point value of x × y × z directions of 80 × 80 × 80 and a grid space group value of 0.380 Å.Click Here To Read More 116-121 DOWNLOAD PDF

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18. Species Diversity and Ethnobotanical Uses of Family Moraceae in District Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh (India) Sanjeev Kumar Ethnobotany is the study of past and present interrelationships between human cultures and the plants. An ethnobotanical survey of rural areas of Bilaspur district was carried out to enumerate the species diversity and traditional uses of family Moraceae. The district Bilaspur lies between 31° 12′ 30″ and 31° 35′ 45″ North latitudes and between 76° 23′ 45″ and 76° 55′ 40″ East longitudes in the Shivalik hills of the Himalayas next to Punjab plains in the basin of river satluj. In present study 22 species belonging to 4 genera of the family, Moraceae have been recorded in district Bilaspur. Genus Ficus has represented by 15 species, Morus by 4, Artocarpus by 2 and Broussonetia by one species.Click Here To Read More 122-126 DOWNLOAD PDF

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19. Simple and Effective Method for Development of Longer Shelf Life Liquid
Formulation with Azospirillum brasilense strain Asp-7
Mounika N., Muralidhara Rao D., Uma A., Sandhya V. and Ali SkZ Liquid formulation is an upcoming technology to overcome the limitations associated with carrier based formulation. In our study a total of nine Azospirillum spp. were isolated, screened for plant growth promoting traits (PGP) like indole acetic acid (IAA), ammonia, phosphate solubilisation and siderophore production. The selected strain Asp-7 was showed tolerance to drought and temperature stress. Biochemical and molecular characterization of the strain Asp-7 was done and identified as Azospirillum brasilense by 16S rDNA sequence analysis and the gene sequence was submitted to Genbank under the accession number KT374217.Click Here To Read More 127-135 DOWNLOAD PDF

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20. Rainwater Harvesting through Farm Ponds in Hills of Himachal Pradesh–Opportunities and Threats M. R. Sharma Himachal Pradesh is a hilly state and 70% of its population depends upon agriculture for their livelihood. 81% of the agriculture in Himachal is rain fed and farmers face severe soil moisture stress at germination stage and long spell without rain during subsequent growing in winter and pre monsoon crops due to erratic distribution of rainfall in space and time. Though the average annual rainfall in the region is 1200 mm, the agricultural productivity is severely affected due to non-availability of water at critical stages of crop growth. In addition to it, there is huge shortage of drinking water in Shiwalik hills of Himachal Pradesh during summer months. The only option available for most of the farmers is to collect and store water resources available in three forms namely, direct surface run off, run off from rooftops of houses and cowsheds and the discharge from small springs. These springs has low discharge which generally goes waste, but its collection in storage tanks can be developed into a large water resource to solve drinking water problem and for micro irrigation.Click Here To Read More 136-139 DOWNLOAD PDF

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21. Effect of Learning Teaching Model 5E and Metacognition on Physics Mohd. Raees Khan & N. A. Kazi Traditional learning is fail in this volatile world filled with ambiguity. Learning is considered as a constructive, cumulative, self-oriented, situated, collaborative and individually different process of knowledge. It is becoming crucial to aware students how to learn new information along with the information itself to enable them more successful. This awareness of students executes the information and one’s cognitive process in learning is called metacognition. To obtain a desired level of learning, it is necessary to improve metacognitive skills which control one’s own learning process. A student with good metacognition skills can focus his or her attention on learning unit; make a distinction between important and unnecessary information; use effective strategies to keep the information in long term memory and retrieve it when necessary.Click Here To Read More 140-142 DOWNLOAD PDF

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22. Gender Difference on Rural Consumer Behaviour for Preference of Shampoo Brand in Himachal Pradesh Jyoti Thakur and Satish Soni There has been a paradigm shift in the marketing concept as marketing has come a long way from old traditional sale concept to the new social marketing concept. Certain other marketing concepts and techniques have originated due to this paradigm shift in marketing concept. This shift is a result of changed consumer behaviour,
more focus on consumer preferences, perceptions, needs and wants.Click Here To Read More
143-153 DOWNLOAD PDF

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