Volume 3 Issue 2

Sr. No. Title Author’s Name(s) Abstract Page Nos. Article
1. Synthesis and Spectral Studies of some Metal Complexes With N1,N2-bis(2-amino-3,5-dibromo-benzylidene)ethane -1,2-diamine and N1,N4-bis(2-amino-3,5-dibromo benzylidene) butane-1,4-diamine Angham T. Ali, Haider A. Mahdi & Falih H. Musa Microwave assisted synthesis, a green chemistry approach, is now a day’s widely practice in the synthetic laboratories. In the present work two Schiff bases are synthesized using microwave irradiation. Co(II), Cu(II) and Cr(III) complexes of the two new Schiff bases L1=N1, N2-bis(2-amino-3,5-dibromobenzylidene)ethane1,2-diamine and L2= N1, N4-bis(2-amino-3,5-dibromobenzylidene) butane-1,4-diamine are synthesized and characterized by microanalysis conductance, HNMR, IR, UV-Visible and mass spectral measurement. The two ligands coordinates through two imine N atoms and two amine N atoms to the metal ions as shown by IR and electronic measurement resulting in six-coordinated Metal ion. The complexes are non electrolyte in the solvent except Cr complexes are electrolyte (1:1). Studies showed the new Schiff base and their complexes have various activity towards Staphylococcus aurous, Escherichia coli, Bacillus and Pseudomonas.Click Here To Read More 01-06 Download pdf
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2. Introduction of I- Function in Mechanical Oscillating System using Inductance P. P. Mishra & J. K. Verma In the case of mechanical oscillating system when the I- function is expressed in generalized Hypergeometric series then the non-linear differential equation formed by free vibration duo to attachment of mass to a spring is transformed into-Click Here To Read More 07-12 Download pdf
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3. Women and the Dreaded Heart Ailment: A Case Study Tulika Mishra Cardiovascular disease is by far the number one killer in the world. The major cause of heart ailment is genetic predisposition and urbanization with offence. Although heart disease is often thought of as a problem for men, more women than men die of heart disease each year. Indian women are also showing great risk of this ailment. Being aware of personal risk and treatment options can empower a woman to live a long and healthy life. From ancient times herbs has been used in the form of home remedies to cure or prevent heart related problems. In India also there are many medicinal plants which have shown potential in treating cardiovascular ailments, some are known from ancient times, as part of our ethnic knowledge. These plant based drugs would be cost effective due to its abundance and temperamentally quite suiting to millions of our masses as these plants and their remedies are in use from ancient times. With ever increasing demand heart patients in the country, the demand for herbal medicines has tremendously gone up. Efforts have been made to improve their medicinal value in terms of quality and quantity, besides conserving them using tissue culture technique.Click Here To Read More 13-16 Download pdf
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4. New Applications of Soft Computing in Protein Folding Problem P. P. Mishra & J. K. Verma Applications of soft computing in Protein Folding Problems is playing a very important role as it provides techniques that are well suited and intrinsic in nature to obtain results in an efficient way with a precise level of quality. The imprecision and uncertainty that the data and problems in protein folding have can also well be modeled and handled by the application of soft computing techniques. Proteins are large polymeric molecules which form the major part of all living matter. These proteins are responsible for various important functions in the body and it is strictly essential for a protein to be in a native state to perform these functions properly. To perform the central role the proteins have to undergo various bond formations and during this bond formation these get folded. The improper folding of the proteins is called protein folding problem. In this paper the techniques of soft computing have been discussed and it has been shown that how are these techniques superior to traditional techniques.Click Here To Read More 17-19 Download pdf
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5. Synthesis and Thermogravimetric Behavior of Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) Complexes of Triazine-Salicyldamine Schiff Bases Abdulaziz Ali Alomari and Mohamed Mustafa Ibrahim Synthesis, characterization and thermogravimetric behavior of Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of Schiff bases derived from 4-phenyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,6-diamine and 5-chloro- salicylaldehyde (H2L1), 5-bromosalicylaldehyde (H2L2) have been reported. The ligands were characterized by FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR, UV-Vis spectroscopy as well as elemental analysis. Spectral studies revealed that the ligands were acting as tetradentate chelating agents and coordinated to the metal center via deprotonated phenolate oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms in a 1:1 ligand to metal ratio. Thermal behavior of the complexes has been evaluated using TGA. All complexes showed similar modes of three steps weight loss upon heating to 800 oC with gradual loss of organic and inorganic parts. The residues after heating corresponds to metal oxides, with copper complexes seemed to be the most stable and can be used in high-temperature catalytic cycles.Click Here To Read More 20-25 Download pdf
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6. Results on Fixed Points for Multivalued Mappings on an Orbitally Complete Metric Space J. K. Verma & P. P. Mishra In this paper, we prove fixed point theorem for multivalued mappings on an orbitally complete metric space which include the results of Achari and Jain and Bohre.Click Here To Read More 26-28 Download pdf
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7. “INVITED REVIEW”: Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: How good are the Genetically Engineered Mouse Models: A Review Udayan Bhattacharya Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma, the most common form of pancreatic cancer, is also one of the deadliest. Though a very complex and multilayer molecular malfunctioning initiate the disease yet, there are some basic genetical mutations on some specific genes that are been identified as the most likely cause of initiation of this type of cancer. On the other hand, mouse models are days old model systems that have been used for better understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying a number of complex diseases such as cancer. In this review the author
tried to focus on the significance of different available genetically engineered mouse model which are helpful to understand the molecular pathogenesis of this disease.Click Here To Read More
29-34 Download pdf
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8. Cone Rectangular Metric Spaces and Banach Fixed Point Theorems S. C. Ghosh and A. Shukla In this present paper we have establish some generalized Banach fixed point theorems on complete Cone rectangular metric spaces. Here we have proved fixed point theorems by taking f, g, h are self mappings from X into itself.Click Here To Read More 35-40 Download pdf
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9. Infra-Red Absorption Spectra, X-Ray Diffraction Studies and Thermal Behavior of Samarium Laurate and Myristate Darshana Rodric, S. K. Upadhyaya and Kamal Kishore Rare earth elements Samarium salts of dodecanoic acid (Lauric acid) and tetradecanoic acid (Myristic acid) have been prepare and characterized. The compounds have the stoichiometry Ln(C11H23COO)3, where Ln= Sm. IR, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetry were used to illustrate the structure of Sm laurate and myristate in solid state. IR results reveal that the fatty acid exists with dimeric structure through intermolecular hydrogen bonding and Sm laurate & myristate were ionic in nature. The X-ray diffraction measurements confirm that these soaps possess double layer structure. The results of thermogravimetric analysis reveals that the decomposition process of these soaps is of zero order and the energy of activation for the decomposition process lies in the range of 30-35 KJ mol-1.Click Here To Read More 41-44 Download pdf
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10. Study on Steel Corrosion Rate in Semi Closed Seawater Area by Weight
Loss Technique
Hermine R. Z. Tadros, Mona F. El Naggar, Fatma A. Zaghloul, Aida B. Tadros & Gehan A. El Elaa The influence of various environmental parameters on the corrosion rate of the metallic structures was studied. Different physicochemical and biological parameters were measured during the period June 2011 and May 2012 at Eastern harbor (EH), front of NIOF, Alexandria. Their ranges and (annual averages) were found as follows; temperature, 16.75- 29.73°C, (22.8°C); dissolved oxygen, 2.253-7.083ml/l, (4.089ml/l), pH 8.025 – 8.415. Total alkalinity recorded relatively high values, 2.838 -3.74meq/l, (3.35meq/l). The variations of the nutrient salts, PO4-3, NO2-2 and NO-3 differed between, 0.588-5.5378μmol/l, (1.798μmol/l); 0.369-2.938μmol/l (1.658μmol/l) and 1.606 15.633μmol/l (8.651μmol/l) respectively. Low level of SO42- was found, 1.933g/l-3.914g/l (2.954g/l). The phytoplankton annual average recorded 1.84x106cells/l. The Bacillariophycea is dominating during most of the study year while the Dinophycea was frequent. The total annual average of bacterial count was 2271063 CFU/ml. The bacterial counts showed significant differences and their fluctuation in population distribution depends on the physicochemical variations.Click Here To Read More 45-53 Download pdf
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11. Continuity Parameters in Measurable Relations P. P. Mishra In this paper we have studied various measurability properties of multifunctions in the context of upper semi continuous mappings. For : T→ (x) a multivalued function and T a topological space with Borel σ–algebra of open subsets of T, X a σ – compact metrizable space and (x) a set of compact subsets of x, the measurability and weak measurability have been studied.Click Here To Read More 54-55 Download pdf
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12. Synthesis and Spectroscopic Investigation of Schiff Base Chelates
with Zirconium(IV), Lanthanum(III) and Cerium(IV) Ions
M. M. El-ajaily, H. A. Abdullah and A. A. Maihub The 2-[(4-[(Z)-1-(2-hydroxyphenyl) ethylidene]hydrazonoethyl)phenol has been synthesized by condensation of 2-hydroxyacetophenone and hydrazine monohydrate. The Schiff base chelates were synthesized from chloride, nitrate or sulphate salts of Zr(IV), La(III), and Ce(IV), respectively, in ethanol. The chemical structures of the Schiff base and its chelates were confirmed by various analyses such as CHN elemental analysis, molar conductivity, thermogravimetric analysis, IR , electronic, 1HNMR and mass spectroscopies. The CHN elemental analysis data showed the formation of 1:1[metal: ligand] ratio. The TGA of the cerium(IV) chelate showed the existence of water molecules in the chelates. Based on the IR results, it is found that this Schiff base acts as neutral tetradentate ligand and coordinated to each metal ion through azomethine nitrogen and oxygen atoms. The participation of hydroxyl group of the Schiff base in complexation was confirmed by IR and1HNMR spectral data. The electronic spectral data exhibited the existence of π→π* (phenyl ring), n→π*(C=N and OH) and an octahedral geometry was proposed for all the chelates. The mass spectral data confirmed the purity of the Schiff base and its chelates.Click Here To Read More 56-63 Download pdf
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13. Impact of Some Physicochemical and Biological Factors on Steel Corrosion in Seawater Hermine Ramzy Zaki Tadros, Mona Fathy El Naggar, Khouloud M. I. Barakat, Amaal Eid Abbas Abou-Taleb1 & Fatma Abd El Rahman Zaghloul The present study focuses on steel corrosion rate in seawater by weight loss technique and the impact of some physicochemical and biological marine parameter on it. Surface water samples were collected twice a week over one year; March 2013 -February 2014 at a fixed station in the Eastern Harbor of Alexandria. The results indicated that; water transparency (58.5 – 240.0cm). Temperature (15.5oC – 34.1oC). Salinity (˂35.0-37.5). pH (7.80 – 8.92). Dissolved oxygen (2.51 – 7.95ml/l). Total alkalinity (1.3 – 3.6meq/l). While nutrient salts (μmol) displayed wide
and rapid changes; 0.77-93.13, 0.03-0.75, 0.03-1.7, 0.01-3.2 and 0.06-38.38 for ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, reactive phosphate and reactive silicate respectively. Parallel to the above mentioned condition, the phytoplankton count (1.02×103 – 4.92×106 cells/l); while bacterial count (1.3×103 – 221.0×106 CFU/ml). The corrosion rate ranged between 0.9339-2.3488 mpy. It is directly affected with temperature and nitrite concentrations. The principle component analysis were calculated and discussed.Click Here To Read More
64-73 Download pdf
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14. The anti-ulcer activity of the Schiff base: 1H-indole-3 ethylenesalicyldamine and its zinc (II), nickel (II) and copper (II) complexes Abdulaziz Ali Alomari The anti-ulcer effect of the Schiff base 1H-indole-3 ethylenesalicyldamine and its zinc (II), nickel (II) and copper (II) complexes have been reported. The compounds were tested against ethanol-induced gastric lesions in rats in high (60 mg/kg) and low (30 mg/kg) doses. They show high efficacy as anti-ulcer agents than Cimetidine control. Research finding laid suitable backgrounds for further studies and investigations for promising alternatives to traditional anti-ulcer drugs.Click Here To Read More 74-78 Download pdf
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15. Drug Utilization Study of Antihypertensive Medication in Both Sex and
Different Age Group attending at Medicine Outpatient Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital
Abhijit Das, Sahin Parvin, Avijit Ganguly, Saswati Sarkar, Milan Chakraborty To observe prescription pattern of different drugs in different age & sex groups with or without comorbidities with the aim of formulating local guidelines in the management of Hypertension in future. Over the period of nine months hypertensive subjects of all age groups were observed attending Medicine Outpatient Department (OPD) of R. G. Kar Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata. Many of whom have comorbidities like coronary artery disease, heart failure, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, bronchial asthma, COPD etc. Pregnant and hypertension due to secondary causes were excluded. Name of the prescribed antihypertensive drug(s).their dose and duration of treatment were noted. Among 250 subjects 115(46%) were male & 135(54%) female. Among all subjects 80(32%) were less than 40yr group, 129 patients (51.6%) are middle aged (40-60 yrs.). Seventy two percent (180) patients were on monotherapy and rest on multiple drugs. Amlodipine was found to be the most preferred agent of monotherapy (43 or 17.2%).Click Here To Read More 79-83 Download pdf
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16. Survey of Some Important Ornamental Flowering Plants of Solan, Himachal Pradesh with Enumeration Aditya Kumar, Sayeeda Kousar Bhatti, Chhavi Mangla and Ashok Aggarwal The paper documents the knowledge of some important ornamental flowering plants of Solan, Himachal Pradesh. In the present investigation, seasonal trips were made to collect the plants from different sites of district Solan, Himachal Pradesh. The ornamental flowering plants were observed and some of the plants with medicinal as well as ornamental importance were selected. Proper field note of each specimen was recorded and their identification was done by giving botanical name, local name, parts used, habitat and general morphology. Fifteen ornamentally important plant species belonging to 15 genera and 11 families were studied. The purpose of study is to explore and document the important plant species as they play a vital role in decorative purposes, perfume industries and as well as in the field of medicines.Click Here To Read More 84-90 Download pdf
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17. Short-term Eutrophication in the Eastern Harbor of Alexandria, Egypt Fatma Abd El Rahman Zaghloul The phytoplankton community was studied in historically and ecologically important area of the Egyptian Mediterranean coast at Alexandria. Once a week sample was collected from a semi-closed basin;Eastern Harbor,(EH) from June 2011 to May 2012 and twice a week over other one year started from March 2013 till February 2014 at fixed station. The results indicated that a total of 116 phytoplankton species were identified during the first year and 156 species during the second one, with the predominance of diatoms in both two periods (64&100 species respectively) with a percentage frequency 84.23 % and 76.10 % in two periods respectively, followed with dinoflagellates (15.34 % & 23.67 % respectively) .Click Here To Read More 91-98 Download pdf
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18. Effectiveness of 3D Cultivation in Nano Pyramid shape fields Vanapalli Ramesh “3D cultivation” is one of the Innovative Techniques to double the yield and growth of the crops. Three dimensional Nano pyramid fields can create more surface area and grid advantage as comparing with two dimensional normal agro fields. Hallow (Air), water, soil chambers are locate in inside of the pyramid. These chambers can regulate all the requirements of the plants at cost effective. No need of ploughing, levelling, and weed management in this system. Crops can save from floods and warming effects. Too benefit for farmers.Click Here To Read More 99-104 Download pdf
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19. Performance of Vegetable Plants Grown in Fly Ash Amended Soil Manorama Gupta, S. P. Singh and K. Kaur Fly ash can be used for reclaiming the problem of soil and enhance the vegetable productivity depending upon the nature of soil and fly ash. Fly ash from Chachai thermal power plant in Anuppur distri ct is used to amend soil. The physical, chemi cal and biol ogi cal prope rties of problem soil when mixed with fly ash can improved and enhance the available micro and macro nutrients for vegetable plants. It has been registered that fly ash contains high concentration of macro nutrients like Ca, Mg, K, P and S, and hence vegetable plants shows a better performance in terms of germination, growth in root and shoot length, height of pl ants, fresh and dry weight and yield (in terms of seed and fruit weight per plant). The higher amount of fly ash can accumulate micro macro elements up to toxic level and hence reducti on in root and shoot length of plants, fresh and dry weight and yield occurs.Click Here To Read More 105-109 Download pdf
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20. Complexing Properties of Calix[4]arene Amide Derivatives Slim Manai, Lassaad Baklouti, Rym Abidi and Abdelwaheb Hamdi The complexing properties of some pyridine amide calix[4]arenes have been carried out in acetonitrile and monitored by UV spectrophotometry. Their considered targets were several heavy metals (Hg2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+) and trivalent lanthanides cations (La3+, Nd3+, Eu3+, Gd3+ and Yb3+). The three derivatives (1, 2 and 3) form mononuclear complexes with heavy metal and lanthanide cations, except in the case of calixarene 2, which formed simultaneously mononuclear and binuclear species with Pb2+. The results show that the complexation is the main factor affecting the extraction with the tetra-substituted ligands (1, 2), in contrast with the di-substituted ligand 3.Click Here To Read More 110-113 Download pdf
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21. Anion Complexation of Three Pyridine Amide Calix[4]arenes Derivatives Slim Manai, Lassaad Baklouti, Rym Abidi and Abdelwaheb Hamdi The binding properties of amido derivatives of p-tert-butyl calix[4]arene (1-3) towards various anions (spherical halides, planar trigonal nitrate and tetrahedral hydrogen sulphate) as their tetrabutyl ammonium (TBA) salts were studied by 1H NMR technique and using EquiChem program. The stability constants, logβij, varying from 0.94 to 2.05 were determined for the mononuclear complexes.Click Here To Read More 114-116 Download pdf
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22. Evaluation of ESX Sequence Variations within Mycobacterium tuberculosis Clinical and Laboratory Isolates Melisha Sukkhu and Yeshnee Naidoo The ESX family of genes (esxA-W) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) encodes 23 effector molecules influencing immunogenicity and pathogenicity. This study was aimed at identifying and evaluating variations in ESX sequence profiles in clinical and laboratory isolates, using amplicon sequencing, and examining how diversity might influence immune responses. Using spoligotyping and a strain specific test, the genotypes for all isolates were confirmed. Following amplicon sequencing, all 23 ESX genes were evaluated for variations between the Beijing, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) and other genetic isolate groupings as well as within isolates. 23 ESX genes from 55 clinical isolates (20 Beijing, 25 KZN and 10 other) and 3 Laboratory strains (H37Rv, H37Ra and BCG) were sequenced. 482 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified in 12 ESX genes relative to H37Rv. Majority of the identified 363 nsSNPs occured in Beijing isolates.Click Here To Read More 117-141 Download pdf
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23. Polyethylene Glycol Induced Morphological Changes in Fagopyrum esculentum Moench of Indian Himalayan Region Arti Jamwal, Sunil Puri, Sikha Sharma, Sujata Bhattacharya & Navdeep Dhindsa Water deficit stress is one of the most adverse factors of plant growth and productivity. The objective of present work was to determine the impact of water deficit stress on seed germination and seedling growth in Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. Water deficit stress was induced by using PEG-6000 (Polyethylene glycol 6000) solution. Different concentrations of PEG-6000 (15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35% and 40% PEG) were used for seed treatment. The seeds were kept for 15 days in B.O.D. incubator at 20±2ºC. The results indicated that drought stress had significant effect on germination percentage and seedling growth parameters. The various osmotic potential generated showed significant decrease in germination percentage except at 15% PEG. All the seedling growth parameters (root length, shoot length, fresh and dry weight) decrease with increase in PEG concentration except the root length at 15% PEG.Click Here To Read More 142-146 Download pdf
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24. Avian Diversity in and around Sone Beel, Assam Himabrata Chakravarty, Hilloljyoti Singha and B. K. Dutta ‘Sone Beel’ is the largest fresh water tectonic lake in the north eastern Indian state of Assam. Systematic list of the birds of this region was lacking. The present study (September 2012 to February 2015) documented the avian fauna in and around Sone Beel. A total of 89 species of birds belonging to 32 families were recorded. Out of these 89 species 39 were water birds, 13 water depended birds while 37 species were terrestrial birds. There were two vulnerable species and two species were listed as near threatened, and 27 were winter visitors. The conservation threats of the beel have been highlighted.Click Here To Read More 147-153 Download pdf
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25. Anticonvulsant Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Clerodendrum infortunatum linn in Rats Anand Kale and Yasmeen A. Maniyar Clerodendrum infortunatum Linn. (Verbenaceae) is an important and widely used medicinal plant in
Indian folk medicine in the treatment of bronchitis, asthma, fever, diseases of the blood, inflammation, burning sensation and epilepsy. This study evaluates the anticonvulsant effect of the ethanolic extract of the leaves of Clerodendrum infortunatum Linn. (EECI) in experimental animals. Acute toxicity test for the EECI was done according to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) guidelines.Click Here To Read More
154-158 Download pdf
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